Dr.Vandana Punjabi gives her valuable inputs and insights on albinism

Dr.Vandana shares important information about albinism and its types. She also mentions the tips for skincare for patients with albinism. A must-read article to know the actual insights of albinism.

Albinism is a rare disease, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). It is characterized by a lack of melanin pigment in skin, hair, and eyes. Those with this condition are vulnerable to sun exposure as it increases the chances of skin cancer and severe visual impairment. International Albinism Awareness Day is observed every year on June 13th to highlight the rights of those born with albinism and increase awareness about this genetic condition. 

We, at Medicircle are conducting a series on this International Albinism Awareness Day to create understanding and prevent any misinformation against those who have albinism.

Dr.Vandana Punjabi is a Dermatologist, Trichologist, and Dermatsurgeon from B.Y.L Nair Hospital Topiwala National Medical College Mumbai with 22 plus years of experience. Currently, she practices in Mumbai as a private clinic and also a consultant at Max Nanavati Super specialty hospital. She has done a fellowship in general dermatology and laser surgery from a reputed National Skin center in Singapore. She has a special interest in clinical dermatology, acne problems, pediatric dermatology women issues, and aesthetic dermatology.  She routinely performs specialized procedures such as botox fillers, thread lifts, and platelet-rich plasma therapy. Her expertise lies in managing acne, rosacea, hyperpigmentation, dark circles, hair fall, and other alopecia in both men and women.

Know the real facts about albinism 

Dr.Vandana says, “Albinism is a disorder that results from mutations in several genes which are involved in producing a pigment called melanin. This melanin is a substance that gives color to our skin, hair, and eyes. And in fact, in the retina, the melanin plays a very important role for normal vision.” 

Types of albinism 

Dr.Vandana informs, “Albinism is divided into two types. 

Ocular cutaneous 

The oculo-cutaneous albinism is where there is a lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes

Ocular albinism

The ocular albinism is where there's a lack of pigment only in the eyes, while the skin and hair may be of normal or near-normal color.”

Albinism has genetic roots 

Dr.Vandana states, “Most types of albinism are an autosomal recessive inheritance. There is actually a 25% chance at every pregnancy that the baby will be born with albinism. But there is one type of albinism which is called the extreme type of ocular albinism, where there is a 50% chance of the son having ocular albinism and 50% chance of the daughter being a carrier of the gene.”

Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome

Dr.Vandana states, “People with albinism don't have any problem with mortality. However, there is one condition which is called Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome. In this type of albinism, the patient can have a shortened lifespan because of lung disease or breathing problems.”

Children with albinism might need special care 

Dr.Vandana informs, “People with albinism or children with this condition may have vision problems such as reduced sharpness, or rapid involuntary eye movements, and sometimes also increase sensitivity to light which is called photophobia. And All these  have to be treated by the pediatric ophthalmologist and depending on the type of visual disability that they may have, they may need a special school.” 

Skincare for patients suffering from albinism 

Dr.Vandana says, “We do see a lot of patients with albinism or who do know what kind of skincare they should follow because they don't have symptoms. They may have very mild eye defects or normal vision also, but the skin can be very sensitive to light. That is why it's very important to guide such patients. So with albinism, it is important to know about proper skincare like they have to wear protective clothing at all times, especially when they're outdoors, they also have to limit their time outdoors. So avoiding exposure time is a must. They must take care because they have a very high risk of skin cancers. such as melanoma, as you mentioned earlier, so they need to take a lot of care of their skin as follows:

The right  protection covering of clothes Limiting the time outdoors in the sunlight Wearing a good sunblock.”

(Edited by Dr.Rati Parwani)


Contributed by: Dr.Vandana Punjabi, Dermatologist, Trichologist, Dermatsurgeon 
Tags : #International-Albinism-Day-Awareness-Series #drvandanapunjabi #Nanavatisuperspecialityhospital #smitakumar #medicircle

About the Author

Dr. Rati Parwani

Dr Rati Parwani is a Practising Professional BHMS Doctor having experience of 8 years in the medical field. Her approach towards each and every patient is the utmost professional with high standards of practice. She has nurtured her writing skills and proves it as an asset to her professionalism. She has experience in content writing and likes her writing ethical and scientific-based.

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...

Trending Now

PM addresses the Nation today, announces free vaccinesJune 07, 2021
Why inhalers are best for treating asthma, well illustrated by Dr. Anil SingalMay 12, 2021
Dr. Rohan Palshetkar shares his invaluable insights about the Maternal Mortality Rate causes and improvements in India April 29, 2021
It is important to adopt a non-judgmental attitude towards any teenage girl seeking contraceptive advise suggests Dr. Teena Trivedi, Obstetrician and GynecologistApril 16, 2021
80% of the diseases are psychosomatic which means they have roots in the mind and this is where homeopathy steps in - It resolves physical ailments by finding the cause in the mind – Dr. Sanket Dhuri, Consultant Homeopath April 14, 2021
A futuristic Vision of a Healthcare Entrepreneur: Shyatto Raha, CEO, and Founder of MyHealthcareApril 12, 2021
Saher Mehdi, Founder and Chief Scientist at wellOwise talks about aspects making healthcare more equitable and reachableApril 10, 2021
Wide variety of therapies to address autism in children explained by Dr. Shilpa Jasubhai, Clinical PsychologistApril 09, 2021
Allopathic and Homeopathic medicines should not be taken together says Dr. Sunil Mehra, Homeopath ConsultantApril 08, 2021
The charm of homeopathic medicine is that it can be taken with conventional medicines – Dr. Shruthi Shridhar, Consulting Homeopath April 08, 2021
Dissociative Identity Disorder and associated concepts explained by Dr. Vinod Kumar, Psychiatrist and Head of Mpower - The Centre (Bangalore) April 07, 2021
Dissociative Identity Disorder explained by Dr. Shilpa Jasubhai, Clinical PsychologistApril 05, 2021
Sehat Ki Baat, Karishma Ke Saath- Episode 6 Healthy Diet For Boosting Metabolism Which Can Help Thyroid Patients April 03, 2021
Significant Pointers on Kidney Health by Dr. Santosh Waigankar, Consultant Urooncologist and Robotic Surgeon at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani HospitalApril 01, 2021
Dr. Vaishal Kenia, Ophthalmologist Talks About the Different Possibilities Available for the Treatment of Glaucoma Depending Upon Their Type and SeverityMarch 30, 2021
No Definitive Role of Diet in Treatment of Lymphedema but Intake of Calories, Salt and Long Chain Fatty Acids should be controlled says Dr. Ramani CVMarch 30, 2021
Dr. Kiran Chandra Patro, Senior Nephrologist Talks About Dialysis as the Temporary Process and Not a Permanent Cure for the Patients of Renal DysfunctionMarch 30, 2021
Two out of three new chronic kidney disease patients are found to have diabetes or hypertension informs Dr. Sreeharsha HarinathaMarch 30, 2021
Glaucoma Treatment: Medications or Surgery? A valuable piece of advice from Dr. Pranay Kapdia, Chairman and Medical Director of Kapadia Eye CareMarch 25, 2021
Dr. Shraddha Satav, Consultant Ophthalmologist Recommends that Everybody After 40, Should Go for the Complete Eye Checkup at Regular IntervalMarch 25, 2021